### view libtommath/bn_fast_mp_montgomery_reduce.c @ 1549:5212630893ab

only clean libtom when using bundled libraries
author Matt Johnston Mon, 26 Feb 2018 23:13:54 +0800 8bba51a55704 f52919ffd3b1
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line source
```#include <tommath_private.h>
#ifdef BN_FAST_MP_MONTGOMERY_REDUCE_C
/* LibTomMath, multiple-precision integer library -- Tom St Denis
*
* LibTomMath is a library that provides multiple-precision
* integer arithmetic as well as number theoretic functionality.
*
* The library was designed directly after the MPI library by
* Michael Fromberger but has been written from scratch with
*
* The library is free for all purposes without any express
* guarantee it works.
*
* Tom St Denis, [email protected], http://libtom.org
*/

/* computes xR**-1 == x (mod N) via Montgomery Reduction
*
* This is an optimized implementation of montgomery_reduce
* which uses the comba method to quickly calculate the columns of the
* reduction.
*
* Based on Algorithm 14.32 on pp.601 of HAC.
*/
int fast_mp_montgomery_reduce (mp_int * x, mp_int * n, mp_digit rho)
{
int     ix, res, olduse;
mp_word W[MP_WARRAY];

/* get old used count */
olduse = x->used;

/* grow a as required */
if (x->alloc < (n->used + 1)) {
if ((res = mp_grow (x, n->used + 1)) != MP_OKAY) {
return res;
}
}

/* first we have to get the digits of the input into
* an array of double precision words W[...]
*/
{
mp_word *_W;
mp_digit *tmpx;

/* alias for the W[] array */
_W   = W;

/* alias for the digits of  x*/
tmpx = x->dp;

/* copy the digits of a into W[0..a->used-1] */
for (ix = 0; ix < x->used; ix++) {
*_W++ = *tmpx++;
}

/* zero the high words of W[a->used..m->used*2] */
for (; ix < ((n->used * 2) + 1); ix++) {
*_W++ = 0;
}
}

/* now we proceed to zero successive digits
* from the least significant upwards
*/
for (ix = 0; ix < n->used; ix++) {
/* mu = ai * m' mod b
*
* We avoid a double precision multiplication (which isn't required)
* by casting the value down to a mp_digit.  Note this requires
* that W[ix-1] have  the carry cleared (see after the inner loop)
*/
mp_digit mu;

/* a = a + mu * m * b**i
*
* This is computed in place and on the fly.  The multiplication
* by b**i is handled by offseting which columns the results
*
* Note the comba method normally doesn't handle carries in the
* inner loop In this case we fix the carry from the previous
* column since the Montgomery reduction requires digits of the
* result (so far) [see above] to work.  This is
* handled by fixing up one carry after the inner loop.  The
* carry fixups are done in order so after these loops the
* first m->used words of W[] have the carries fixed
*/
{
int iy;
mp_digit *tmpn;
mp_word *_W;

/* alias for the digits of the modulus */
tmpn = n->dp;

/* Alias for the columns set by an offset of ix */
_W = W + ix;

/* inner loop */
for (iy = 0; iy < n->used; iy++) {
*_W++ += ((mp_word)mu) * ((mp_word)*tmpn++);
}
}

/* now fix carry for next digit, W[ix+1] */
W[ix + 1] += W[ix] >> ((mp_word) DIGIT_BIT);
}

/* now we have to propagate the carries and
* shift the words downward [all those least
* significant digits we zeroed].
*/
{
mp_digit *tmpx;
mp_word *_W, *_W1;

/* nox fix rest of carries */

/* alias for current word */
_W1 = W + ix;

/* alias for next word, where the carry goes */
_W = W + ++ix;

for (; ix <= ((n->used * 2) + 1); ix++) {
*_W++ += *_W1++ >> ((mp_word) DIGIT_BIT);
}

/* copy out, A = A/b**n
*
* The result is A/b**n but instead of converting from an
* array of mp_word to mp_digit than calling mp_rshd
* we just copy them in the right order
*/

/* alias for destination word */
tmpx = x->dp;

/* alias for shifted double precision result */
_W = W + n->used;

for (ix = 0; ix < (n->used + 1); ix++) {
*tmpx++ = (mp_digit)(*_W++ & ((mp_word) MP_MASK));
}

/* zero oldused digits, if the input a was larger than
* m->used+1 we'll have to clear the digits
*/
for (; ix < olduse; ix++) {
*tmpx++ = 0;
}
}

/* set the max used and clamp */
x->used = n->used + 1;
mp_clamp (x);

/* if A >= m then A = A - m */
if (mp_cmp_mag (x, n) != MP_LT) {
return s_mp_sub (x, n, x);
}
return MP_OKAY;
}
#endif

/* ref:         \$Format:%D\$ */
/* git commit:  \$Format:%H\$ */
/* commit time: \$Format:%ai\$ */
```