view src/encauth/gcm/gcm_init.c @ 280:59400faa4b44 libtomcrypt-orig libtomcrypt-1.05

Re-import libtomcrypt 1.05 for cleaner propagating. From crypt-1.05.tar.bz2, SHA1 of 88250202bb51570dc64f7e8f1c943cda9479258f
author Matt Johnston <>
date Wed, 08 Mar 2006 12:58:00 +0000
children d5faf4814ddb
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/* LibTomCrypt, modular cryptographic library -- Tom St Denis
 * LibTomCrypt is a library that provides various cryptographic
 * algorithms in a highly modular and flexible manner.
 * The library is free for all purposes without any express
 * guarantee it works.
 * Tom St Denis, [email protected],

   @file gcm_init.c
   GCM implementation, initialize state, by Tom St Denis
#include "tomcrypt.h"

#ifdef GCM_MODE


/* this is x*2^128 mod p(x) ... the results are 16 bytes each stored in a packed format.  Since only the 
 * lower 16 bits are not zero'ed I removed the upper 14 bytes */
static const unsigned char gcm_shift_table[256*2] = {
0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0xc2, 0x03, 0x84, 0x02, 0x46, 0x07, 0x08, 0x06, 0xca, 0x04, 0x8c, 0x05, 0x4e,
0x0e, 0x10, 0x0f, 0xd2, 0x0d, 0x94, 0x0c, 0x56, 0x09, 0x18, 0x08, 0xda, 0x0a, 0x9c, 0x0b, 0x5e,
0x1c, 0x20, 0x1d, 0xe2, 0x1f, 0xa4, 0x1e, 0x66, 0x1b, 0x28, 0x1a, 0xea, 0x18, 0xac, 0x19, 0x6e,
0x12, 0x30, 0x13, 0xf2, 0x11, 0xb4, 0x10, 0x76, 0x15, 0x38, 0x14, 0xfa, 0x16, 0xbc, 0x17, 0x7e,
0x38, 0x40, 0x39, 0x82, 0x3b, 0xc4, 0x3a, 0x06, 0x3f, 0x48, 0x3e, 0x8a, 0x3c, 0xcc, 0x3d, 0x0e,
0x36, 0x50, 0x37, 0x92, 0x35, 0xd4, 0x34, 0x16, 0x31, 0x58, 0x30, 0x9a, 0x32, 0xdc, 0x33, 0x1e,
0x24, 0x60, 0x25, 0xa2, 0x27, 0xe4, 0x26, 0x26, 0x23, 0x68, 0x22, 0xaa, 0x20, 0xec, 0x21, 0x2e,
0x2a, 0x70, 0x2b, 0xb2, 0x29, 0xf4, 0x28, 0x36, 0x2d, 0x78, 0x2c, 0xba, 0x2e, 0xfc, 0x2f, 0x3e,
0x70, 0x80, 0x71, 0x42, 0x73, 0x04, 0x72, 0xc6, 0x77, 0x88, 0x76, 0x4a, 0x74, 0x0c, 0x75, 0xce,
0x7e, 0x90, 0x7f, 0x52, 0x7d, 0x14, 0x7c, 0xd6, 0x79, 0x98, 0x78, 0x5a, 0x7a, 0x1c, 0x7b, 0xde,
0x6c, 0xa0, 0x6d, 0x62, 0x6f, 0x24, 0x6e, 0xe6, 0x6b, 0xa8, 0x6a, 0x6a, 0x68, 0x2c, 0x69, 0xee,
0x62, 0xb0, 0x63, 0x72, 0x61, 0x34, 0x60, 0xf6, 0x65, 0xb8, 0x64, 0x7a, 0x66, 0x3c, 0x67, 0xfe,
0x48, 0xc0, 0x49, 0x02, 0x4b, 0x44, 0x4a, 0x86, 0x4f, 0xc8, 0x4e, 0x0a, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4d, 0x8e,
0x46, 0xd0, 0x47, 0x12, 0x45, 0x54, 0x44, 0x96, 0x41, 0xd8, 0x40, 0x1a, 0x42, 0x5c, 0x43, 0x9e,
0x54, 0xe0, 0x55, 0x22, 0x57, 0x64, 0x56, 0xa6, 0x53, 0xe8, 0x52, 0x2a, 0x50, 0x6c, 0x51, 0xae,
0x5a, 0xf0, 0x5b, 0x32, 0x59, 0x74, 0x58, 0xb6, 0x5d, 0xf8, 0x5c, 0x3a, 0x5e, 0x7c, 0x5f, 0xbe,
0xe1, 0x00, 0xe0, 0xc2, 0xe2, 0x84, 0xe3, 0x46, 0xe6, 0x08, 0xe7, 0xca, 0xe5, 0x8c, 0xe4, 0x4e,
0xef, 0x10, 0xee, 0xd2, 0xec, 0x94, 0xed, 0x56, 0xe8, 0x18, 0xe9, 0xda, 0xeb, 0x9c, 0xea, 0x5e,
0xfd, 0x20, 0xfc, 0xe2, 0xfe, 0xa4, 0xff, 0x66, 0xfa, 0x28, 0xfb, 0xea, 0xf9, 0xac, 0xf8, 0x6e,
0xf3, 0x30, 0xf2, 0xf2, 0xf0, 0xb4, 0xf1, 0x76, 0xf4, 0x38, 0xf5, 0xfa, 0xf7, 0xbc, 0xf6, 0x7e,
0xd9, 0x40, 0xd8, 0x82, 0xda, 0xc4, 0xdb, 0x06, 0xde, 0x48, 0xdf, 0x8a, 0xdd, 0xcc, 0xdc, 0x0e,
0xd7, 0x50, 0xd6, 0x92, 0xd4, 0xd4, 0xd5, 0x16, 0xd0, 0x58, 0xd1, 0x9a, 0xd3, 0xdc, 0xd2, 0x1e,
0xc5, 0x60, 0xc4, 0xa2, 0xc6, 0xe4, 0xc7, 0x26, 0xc2, 0x68, 0xc3, 0xaa, 0xc1, 0xec, 0xc0, 0x2e,
0xcb, 0x70, 0xca, 0xb2, 0xc8, 0xf4, 0xc9, 0x36, 0xcc, 0x78, 0xcd, 0xba, 0xcf, 0xfc, 0xce, 0x3e,
0x91, 0x80, 0x90, 0x42, 0x92, 0x04, 0x93, 0xc6, 0x96, 0x88, 0x97, 0x4a, 0x95, 0x0c, 0x94, 0xce,
0x9f, 0x90, 0x9e, 0x52, 0x9c, 0x14, 0x9d, 0xd6, 0x98, 0x98, 0x99, 0x5a, 0x9b, 0x1c, 0x9a, 0xde,
0x8d, 0xa0, 0x8c, 0x62, 0x8e, 0x24, 0x8f, 0xe6, 0x8a, 0xa8, 0x8b, 0x6a, 0x89, 0x2c, 0x88, 0xee,
0x83, 0xb0, 0x82, 0x72, 0x80, 0x34, 0x81, 0xf6, 0x84, 0xb8, 0x85, 0x7a, 0x87, 0x3c, 0x86, 0xfe,
0xa9, 0xc0, 0xa8, 0x02, 0xaa, 0x44, 0xab, 0x86, 0xae, 0xc8, 0xaf, 0x0a, 0xad, 0x4c, 0xac, 0x8e,
0xa7, 0xd0, 0xa6, 0x12, 0xa4, 0x54, 0xa5, 0x96, 0xa0, 0xd8, 0xa1, 0x1a, 0xa3, 0x5c, 0xa2, 0x9e,
0xb5, 0xe0, 0xb4, 0x22, 0xb6, 0x64, 0xb7, 0xa6, 0xb2, 0xe8, 0xb3, 0x2a, 0xb1, 0x6c, 0xb0, 0xae,
0xbb, 0xf0, 0xba, 0x32, 0xb8, 0x74, 0xb9, 0xb6, 0xbc, 0xf8, 0xbd, 0x3a, 0xbf, 0x7c, 0xbe, 0xbe };


  Initialize a GCM state
  @param gcm     The GCM state to initialize
  @param cipher  The index of the cipher to use
  @param key     The secret key
  @param keylen  The length of the secret key
  @return CRYPT_OK on success
int gcm_init(gcm_state *gcm, int cipher, 
             const unsigned char *key,  int keylen)
   int           err;
   unsigned char B[16];
   int           x, y, z, t;

   LTC_ARGCHK(gcm != NULL);
   LTC_ARGCHK(key != NULL);

#ifdef LTC_FAST
   if (16 % sizeof(LTC_FAST_TYPE)) {
      return CRYPT_INVALID_ARG;

   /* is cipher valid? */
   if ((err = cipher_is_valid(cipher)) != CRYPT_OK) {
      return err;
   if (cipher_descriptor[cipher].block_length != 16) {

   /* schedule key */
   if ((err = cipher_descriptor[cipher].setup(key, keylen, 0, &gcm->K)) != CRYPT_OK) {
      return err;

   /* H = E(0) */
   zeromem(B, 16);
   cipher_descriptor[cipher].ecb_encrypt(B, gcm->H, &gcm->K);

   /* setup state */
   zeromem(gcm->buf, sizeof(gcm->buf));
   zeromem(gcm->X,   sizeof(gcm->X));
   gcm->cipher   = cipher;
   gcm->mode     = GCM_MODE_IV;
   gcm->ivmode   = 0;
   gcm->buflen   = 0;
   gcm->totlen   = 0;
   gcm->pttotlen = 0;

   /* setup tables */

   /* generate the first table as it has no shifting (from which we make the other tables) */
   zeromem(B, 16);
   for (y = 0; y < 256; y++) {
        B[0] = y;
        gcm_gf_mult(gcm->H, B, &gcm->PC[0][y][0]);

   /* now generate the rest of the tables based the previous table */
   for (x = 1; x < 16; x++) {
      for (y = 0; y < 256; y++) {
         /* now shift it right by 8 bits */
         t = gcm->PC[x-1][y][15];
         for (z = 15; z > 0; z--) {
             gcm->PC[x][y][z] = gcm->PC[x-1][y][z-1];
         gcm->PC[x][y][0] = gcm_shift_table[t<<1];
         gcm->PC[x][y][1] ^= gcm_shift_table[(t<<1)+1];


   return CRYPT_OK;


/* $Source: /cvs/libtom/libtomcrypt/src/encauth/gcm/gcm_init.c,v $ */
/* $Revision: 1.15 $ */
/* $Date: 2005/05/21 15:05:19 $ */