view random.c @ 355:c61bd8f9e32d debug-unrandom

make sure that random number generator is correct endian
author Matt Johnston <matt@ucc.asn.au>
date Wed, 09 Aug 2006 16:45:05 +0000
parents e66eec4dcba7
children
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/*
 * Dropbear - a SSH2 server
 * 
 * Copyright (c) 2002,2003 Matt Johnston
 * All rights reserved.
 * 
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 * 
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 * 
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
 * SOFTWARE. */

#include "includes.h"
#include "buffer.h"
#include "dbutil.h"
#include "bignum.h"

static int donerandinit = 0;

/* this is used to generate unique output from the same hashpool */
static uint32_t counter = 0;
/* the max value for the counter, so it won't integer overflow */
#define MAX_COUNTER 1<<30 

static unsigned char hashpool[SHA1_HASH_SIZE];

#define INIT_SEED_SIZE 32 /* 256 bits */

/* initialise the prng from /dev/(u)random or prngd */
void seedrandom() {

	/* initialise so that things won't warn about
	 * hashing an undefined buffer */
	m_burn(hashpool, sizeof(hashpool));

	counter = 0;
	donerandinit = 1;
}

/* hash the current random pool with some unique identifiers
 * for this process and point-in-time. this is used to separate
 * the random pools for fork()ed processes. */
void reseedrandom() {

	hash_state hs;

	if (!donerandinit) {
		dropbear_exit("seedrandom not done");
	}

	sha1_init(&hs);
	sha1_process(&hs, (void*)hashpool, sizeof(hashpool));
	sha1_done(&hs, hashpool);
}

/* return len bytes of pseudo-random data */
void genrandom(unsigned char* buf, unsigned int len) {

	hash_state hs;
	unsigned char hash[SHA1_HASH_SIZE];
	unsigned int copylen;
    const unsigned int total_len = len;
    unsigned char* start_buf = buf;
    unsigned char counter_buf[4];

	if (!donerandinit) {
		dropbear_exit("seedrandom not done");
	}

	while (len > 0) {
		sha1_init(&hs);
		sha1_process(&hs, (void*)hashpool, sizeof(hashpool));
        STORE32H(counter, counter_buf);
		sha1_process(&hs, (void*)counter_buf, sizeof(counter));
		sha1_done(&hs, hash);

		counter++;
		if (counter > MAX_COUNTER) {
			seedrandom();
		}

		copylen = MIN(len, SHA1_HASH_SIZE);
		memcpy(buf, hash, copylen);
		len -= copylen;
		buf += copylen;
	}
	m_burn(hash, sizeof(hash));
    printhex("genrandom", start_buf, total_len);
}

/* Generates a random mp_int. 
 * max is a *mp_int specifying an upper bound.
 * rand must be an initialised *mp_int for the result.
 * the result rand satisfies:  0 < rand < max 
 * */
void gen_random_mpint(mp_int *max, mp_int *rand) {

	unsigned char *randbuf = NULL;
	unsigned int len = 0;
	const char masks[] = {0xff, 0x01, 0x03, 0x07, 0x0f, 0x1f, 0x3f, 0x7f};

	const int size_bits = mp_count_bits(max);

	len = size_bits / 8;
	if ((size_bits % 8) != 0) {
		len += 1;
	}

	randbuf = (unsigned char*)m_malloc(len);
	do {
		genrandom(randbuf, len);
		/* Mask out the unrequired bits - mp_read_unsigned_bin expects
		 * MSB first.*/
		randbuf[0] &= masks[size_bits % 8];

		bytes_to_mp(rand, randbuf, len);

		/* keep regenerating until we get one satisfying
		 * 0 < rand < max    */
	} while ( ( (max != NULL) && (mp_cmp(rand, max) != MP_LT) )
			|| (mp_cmp_d(rand, 0) != MP_GT) );
	m_burn(randbuf, len);
	m_free(randbuf);
}